Opioids are generally prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain. They include drugs, such as oxycodone (OxyContin), hydrocodone (Vicodin), codeine, morphine and fentanyl, as well as heroin, which is an illegal drug. These medications provide a sense of well-being and pleasure because they stimulate certain regions of the brain that involve the reward system. Since..

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“Pain is a more terrible lord of mankind than even death itself.” Dr. Albert Schweitzer, French physician, 1931 The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP), defined pain as an “unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage.” Since pain has troubled and perplexed humans for generations, various cures have..

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Numerous efforts have been taken by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and other government bodies like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to control the prevalence of prescription drug misuse across communities. According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), the United States housed nearly 3.8 million people..

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Abuse of prescription drugs, especially painkillers, has become a major health epidemic in the United States, with millions of overdose deaths occurring every year. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that over 183,000 people died due to the overdose of prescription painkillers from 1999 to 2015. In fact, a huge percentage of people in..

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The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) defines opioid use disorder (OUD) as a problematic pattern of opioid use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress. It is characterized by a range of symptoms including a nagging desire for opioids and experiencing opioid withdrawal symptoms in the absence of the drug. Another attribute common..

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While alcohol and illicit drug abuse has dominated the college campuses since decades, the consequences arising out of chronic abuse of prescription drugs, particularly stimulants, sedatives and pain relievers, have affected millions of American teens and adolescents. Although there have been several advances in the field of new and upgraded treatments for chronic pain, attention..

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A new study by the researchers of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has found that the majority of homes with children in the United States do not follow safe storage norms when it comes to storing prescription pain medications. Using the Health Belief Model, the researchers determined the association between beliefs and safe..

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Addiction is a progressive brain disorder, which involves intense cravings for addictive substances despite knowing their adverse consequences. Addiction to anything, be it to pleasurable activities such as shopping or gambling, can influence the brain in various ways and subvert the way it reacts to different stressful conditions. Addiction is actually a serious illness that..

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Prescription opioids are most commonly administered as part of treatment to alleviate chronic pain. Scientists identify opioid pharmacotherapy as one of the key reasons triggering chances of prolonged exposure to pain relievers and consequent addiction. As per the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) 2015 report, nearly four million people aged 12 and above..

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